Various types of reference frameworks are used in the study of health systems. One of these frameworks is the Levesque Framework. It aims to address issues related to access and quality of healthcare in different settings, taking into account both the client and health systems’ perspectives. Unlike other frameworks, Levesque includes the element of abilities to address the needs of diverse populations. According to one author, their team chose this framework because of its inclusion of the concept of community abilities.
In South Africa, the South African government has issued policy frameworks regarding the collection, management and use of patient data. These frameworks have been designed to promote patient privacy and ensure effective healthcare services. However, the various types of patient data may influence the interpretation of these policies. In addition to the South African context, the South African government publishes policies and legislation governing healthcare, such as Medicare and Medicaid. This framework, in turn, guides the operations of nongovernmental organizations, including hospitals.
Another framework developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) focuses on patient-centred care. It is a patient-centered approach and was first introduced in the 1950s. It was originally designed for individuals with complex care needs and introduced a new role for professionals called ‘case managers’. Designed by nurses, this model is schematically based on a quality improvement cycle. The resulting frameworks guide organizations and their services towards value-based care.